Can Rabbits Eat Cucumbers? Everything You Need To Know

Published on:
TheRabbitRetreat is reader supported. When you purchase through referral links on our site, we may earn a commission.. Learn more
Can Rabbits Eat Cucumbers?

Crisp and crunchy cucumbers are among the most popular food items worldwide. Humans enjoy cucumbers a lot. 

In fact, Americans alone eat an average of 12 pounds of cucumbers per person per year. But can rabbits eat cucumbers? 

A rabbit’s diet must have an adult-sized handful of leafy greens and vegetables. Cucumbers have been classified as vegetables forever, but they’re fruits. 

Cucumbers are rich in several unique nutrients such as vitamin K, vitamin C, potassium, beta carotene, etc., so you may be wondering: can rabbits eat cucumbers?

This article covers everything you need to know about rabbits and cucumbers.

Can rabbits eat cucumbers?

Yes, rabbits can eat cucumbers safely. Though most people think of cucumbers as vegetables, science indicates that they are fruits because they grow from flowers and contain seeds. This function makes them fruits.

Feeding your rabbits the proper diet can help keep them healthy. The right diet must include leafy greens, vegetables, and fruits. As you may already know, hay and grass should make up around 80% of a rabbit’s diet. 

Occasionally, cucumbers can’t cause harm, especially in the summer, as the high water levels make them a refreshing and hydrating option.

For rabbits to eat cucumbers, they must be free from fertilizers and pesticides. Some of the chemicals used to grow them might be toxic. Therefore, feed them organic cucumbers if possible. 

Do rabbits like cucumbers?

Cucumbers are safe to eat. But do rabbits like to eat them? That’s a different story altogether.

Although they are not toxic or poisonous, cucumbers are not essential to a rabbit’s diet, and rabbits prefer the leafy part of the plant.

Fresh cucumbers
Fresh cucumbers

Nutritional value of cucumbers

Cucumbers don’t have much nutritional value. They are 95% water, which is a great way for rabbits to stay hydrated, especially in hot weather. Cucumbers’ high water levels and fiber content can also help relieve constipation.

The other 5% of cucumbers that isn’t water contains a small number of minerals and vitamins. According to live science, cucumbers have low calories, carbohydrates, sodium, fat, and cholesterol. Low calories, fat, and carbohydrates can manage weight gain and obesity.

Additionally, cucumbers are good sources of antioxidants. Antioxidants allow the body to function well. They can prevent and protect rabbits from diseases. Cucumbers contain several antioxidants, such as:

  • Beta carotene – improves vision
  • Potassium – reduces the risk of heart health, diabetes, and obesity
  • Manganese – helps in the formation of healthy bones and better metabolism

Cucumbers contain vitamin C, which can boost your rabbit’s immunity and overall health. If you have an anxious or stressed rabbit, he may benefit from extra vitamin C. 

However, rabbits create their own vitamin C in their liver, so they don’t need extra. An excess of vitamin C can cause kidney problems. 

Finally, cucumbers contain vitamin K, which can promote bone health and help with calcium absorption in the body.

How do cucumbers affect a rabbit’s health?

Small amounts of cucumbers once in a while are safe and healthy. As with many foods, it’s about balance. However, too much can harm your rabbit. Cucumbers are low in nutrients. 

Therefore, the more you feed them, the greater the risk of not providing sufficient nutritional value.

Due to their high water content, they can cause loose cecotropes, which can be harder to digest. As a result, your rabbit might experience digestive issues and diarrhea in most cases. 

Cecotropes are an essential part of your rabbit’s diet. Rabbits rely on them to make vitamin B and other essential nutrients. 

Cucumbers are a low-calorie food. Rabbits that eat high quantities of cucumbers can’t eat other foods. This can result in weight loss.

Can rabbits eat cucumber peels?

Another issue is the skin…

Cucumber skin varies in texture depending on the type of cucumber. The most common types are English cucumbers and North American cucumbers. 

English cucumbers have soft skin, while North American cucumbers have thicker skin. No matter the type, rabbits can eat cucumber peels. They have sharp teeth that can chew through the skin. 

As a matter of fact, the tough skin can help wear down their teeth.

Cucumber skin is more nutritious than the interior of the fruit. It is rich in fiber, which is essential for maintaining a healthy digestive system, and has lower water content.

You must wash the peel before feeding to eliminate residue pesticides, especially if the cucumber is not organic. Also, the peels should be fresh and recently peeled. Stale peels might cause food poisoning.

Rabbit on a grass full of flowers
Rabbit on a grass full of flowers

Can rabbits eat cucumber leaves and blossoms?

Cucumber plants (leaves and blossoms) are safe for your rabbit to feed on. As with the skin, the plant is more nutritious than the actual fruit. 

Cucumber plants don’t have as much water. The leaves and blossoms are higher in fiber, vitamins, and minerals. 

Additionally, they contain low oxalates (oxalic acid). Oxalates are compounds found in plants that can reduce the absorption of certain nutrients in the digestive system. If taken in large amounts, oxalates can cause kidney issues.

Can rabbits eat cucumber seeds?

Unlike the seeds of most fruits and vegetables, cucumber seeds are safe to eat. They are soft, small, and unlikely to get stuck in the rabbit’s teeth or cause choking. They are nutritious and contain several minerals and vitamins.

Can baby bunnies eat cucumbers?

As a general rule, rabbits under 12 weeks of age should not eat cucumbers. A newborn rabbit’s main diet is its mother’s milk until about 8 weeks old. Rabbit’s milk has a high concentration of fat and protein, which helps baby rabbits grow big and strong.

Once rabbits grow to about 3-4 weeks, they can start exploring solid foods (usually hay). You can feed them alfalfa hay and alfalfa pellets since they are rich in protein, fat, and calories compared to other types of hay.

How to properly feed cucumber to your rabbit

Cucumbers are a safe and healthy snack if given in moderation. Before introducing them to a rabbit’s diet, you must ensure that you meet their nutritional requirements because even though cucumbers are safe, they don’t contribute many nutrients. 

That’s why it’s important to serve them as treats rather than the main meal.

  • Begin by washing the fruit thoroughly with clean water to remove dirt, bacteria, pesticide residue, and other chemicals.
  • You don’t need to peel the skin or remove the seeds.
  • Then, you’ll want to cut it into thin slices.
  • You should give approximately a table-sized number of cucumbers per rabbit.
  • If you grow cucumbers in your garden, you can give your rabbits fresh leaves to eat.

As with all fruits and vegetables, introduce cucumbers gradually. Give one slice and watch for adverse reactions. If nothing happens after 24 hours, you have the green light to increase the quantity but keep it limited.

Also, please remember not to give young rabbits cucumbers. You must wait until they’re over 3 months old.

Wrapping up

Rabbits can certainly eat cucumbers, but they should eat them in small quantities. Rabbits should mainly eat hay, pellets, and vegetables. Fruits and other treats should be given once or twice a week. 

There are pros to feeding cucumbers to rabbits: they are hydrating, can relieve constipation, and contain vitamin K, vitamin C, potassium, manganese, and other nutrients. 

Additionally, their leaves, skin, and seeds are edible and more nutritious than the fruit. However, there are potential side effects of rabbits eating too many cucumbers: they are low in nutrients and can cause diarrhea and weight loss. 

If you’re interested in introducing cucumbers to your rabbit’s diet, start gradually with one slice. If you notice any adverse effects, visit your vet.

Photo of author


Jennifer Bourassa is a passionate animal lover and the founder of The Rabbit Retreat, a website dedicated to educating rabbit owners and providing them with the necessary resources to care for their furry friends. With over a decade of experience in rabbit care, Jennifer is a knowledgeable and compassionate advocate for these beloved pets. Jennifer's love for rabbits started when she adopted her first bunny, Thumper, and quickly realized the joy and challenges that come with rabbit ownership. Since then, she has made it her mission to help other rabbit owners navigate the ins and outs of bunny care, from feeding and grooming to housing and more. With The Rabbit Retreat, Jennifer hopes to build a community of like-minded rabbit enthusiasts who can share their experiences and support one another in providing the best possible care for their furry companions.