Can Rabbits Eat Broccoli? Should I Include It In Their Diet?

Last Update:
TheRabbitRetreat is reader supported. When you purchase through referral links on our site, we may earn a commission.. Learn more
Can Rabbits Eat Broccoli

Broccoli is a valuable vegetable full of nutrients. If you are a vegetarian, you must know its worth since it’s a valuable addition to a healthy diet.

In the same way, animals can also benefit from this vegetable. Take rabbits, for example; they are herbivores and love vegetables of all kinds. But can rabbits eat broccoli? Is it safe for them?

Keep reading to find out.

Can Rabbits Eat Broccoli?

This question attracts different answers. While some argue rabbits should never eat broccoli, others argue it’s one of the most nutritious vegetables, so it’s a perfect addition to your bunny’s diet.

However, broccoli may lead to gas build-up, which can cause discomfort and sometimes pain for your bunny. 

Broccoli is one of the cruciferous families infamous for causing gas build-up and bloating. Like all cruciferous vegetables, broccoli contains raffinose, a stubborn indigestible sugar that remains intact until bacteria in the gut ferments it. During fermentation, gas is produced, causing gas build-up and sometimes bloating. 

For this reason, most rabbit owners overlook the nutritional benefit of the vegetable and choose to keep the vegetable away from their rabbits. However, it narrows down to individual rabbits. Different bunnies digest broccoli differently. 

Besides, some parts of the plant are less gassy than others. You can also use a few tricks (which we’ll discuss later) to make the vegetable more favorable to your bunny. 

So yes, rabbits can eat broccoli, but whether it’s safe or not depends on your bunny’s sensitivity and how you introduce the vegetable to his diet.

The vet should be your closest friend regarding your bunny’s diet and health in general. Before you give your bunny broccoli, get a vet’s advice, so you work with an expert’s opinion. 

What part of broccoli can rabbits eat?

Fresh broccolis
Fresh broccolis

If you allow him, your bunny can eat almost any part of the broccoli. He won’t leave anything untouched, from the roots to the stems, florets, and leaves.

However, not every part of this vegetable plant is recommended. Leaves produce less gas than florets and stems, making them the best option for bunnies.

Which is better, raw or cooked broccoli?

Generally, raw foods are more nutritious; that’s why you are discouraged from overcooking your food. The same applies to broccoli, and since rabbits can comfortably eat raw plants, raw broccoli is a preferable option. 

However, remember to thoroughly clean them, especially since you won’t apply heat to kill the germs. Use clean, running water and scrub perfectly to reach every part of the plant. 

Is Broccoli Safe for Bunnies?

This is a tough one; while broccoli offers a ton of nutritional benefits to rabbits, it can produce gas which may cause discomfort or even pain to your bunny. 

So the answer to this question is not a straight yes or no. Rabbits with a less sensitive digestive system who can process the tough parts will enjoy several health benefits, including dental health. 

In the same way, those with a vulnerable digestive system may experience severe gas build-up, which can be fatal. And since bunnies are known to have a sensitive digestive system, it would be fair to assume the vegetable is not a hundred percent safe for bunnies.

But then again, if we go by this, most vegetables would be rendered unsafe because, if not too gassy, they would be considered too sweet, making them unsuitable for bunnies. 

Why can’t Bunnies Eat Broccoli?

Let’s be on the same page; bunnies can eat broccoli; it’s just that it is not the safest vegetable for them.

As I said, broccoli is a cruciferous vegetable, so it produces gas in the intestines, which can cause stomach upset and sometimes pain to bunnies. 

Even worse, gas can be fatal to rabbits, especially since, unlike humans, who can apply tricks like walking to ease the discomfort, bunnies will remain stationary, enduring more pain. 

Signs your bunny is suffering from gas 

Rabbit sniffing the grass
Rabbit sniffing the grass

Knowing the signs of gas build-up in your bunny can help detect changes so you can take the next action. The common ones include:

  • Gurgling sounds from the tummy
  • Less movement and lying in a curled posture
  • Swollen hard tummy
  • Pressing the tummy against the floor

If you spot any of these signs, visit the vet so they can help relieve gas and guide you on what to do.

I Want to Feed My Bunny Broccoli, How Should I Do It? 

To start with, ensure the vegetable is clean before feeding it to your bunny. Ensure that there are no sprayed pesticides or germs that may affect your bunny. If you can, go for organic broccoli as it is less contaminated.

Next, get the leaves and chop them into tiny bits so they are comfortable to chew. Serve a small portion to your bunny and let him eat it. 

If he is eating too fast, feed in smaller portions a minute or two apart so he doesn’t swallow too much air, which plays a role in gas build-up.

Monitor him the entire day and check for gas signs. If you notice any changes, try to make him move around, as movement helps with gas relief. In case he seems in pain or gas relief tricks are not working, visit the vet for professional remedies and cut the vegetable from his diet.

An important thing to note is to always introduce any new food to your bunny slowly. Feed small portions a day while monitoring his reaction. Any sudden dietary change will have an impact on your bunny’s health. 

In addition, don’t feed them too much or make these vegetables a huge part of their daily meal. Feeding should occur once or twice a week in small portions. Instead of broccoli, make other types of vegetables a part of your bunny’s daily diet, so he has a constant supply of vitamins, minerals, and fiber.

Don’t forget to feed hay and water. Rabbits need continuous fiber to help with their complex digestive system, and hay provides enough fiber. This helps with the digestion of broccoli and might even help with gas build-up. 

What you can feed as a substitute for broccoli

If broccoli is causing more harm than good to your bunny, you can always feed other vegetables that provide enough nutrients. Including a variety of them is best as each will offer different health benefits.

But remember, only feed a different type every day, even when your bunny is used to the vegetable. 

Some of the best broccoli substitutes include:

Though the above are great vegetable options, it’s always wise to seek your vet’s professional opinion before introducing any new food to your bunny. Besides, he will guide you on what works best and how to go about it. 

Bottom Line

Rabbits can eat broccoli, but how they react to it depends on the individual bunny. While some can safely digest the vegetable, others have a difficult time, so it would be unfair to assume all bunnies can or can’t digest broccoli.

The best way to find out is by visiting your vet for advice and introducing it slowly while monitoring the reaction. 

Always prioritize your bunny’s health, so get rid of it immediately if it’s compromising his health.

Photo of author


Jennifer Bourassa is a passionate animal lover and the founder of The Rabbit Retreat, a website dedicated to educating rabbit owners and providing them with the necessary resources to care for their furry friends. With over a decade of experience in rabbit care, Jennifer is a knowledgeable and compassionate advocate for these beloved pets. Jennifer's love for rabbits started when she adopted her first bunny, Thumper, and quickly realized the joy and challenges that come with rabbit ownership. Since then, she has made it her mission to help other rabbit owners navigate the ins and outs of bunny care, from feeding and grooming to housing and more. With The Rabbit Retreat, Jennifer hopes to build a community of like-minded rabbit enthusiasts who can share their experiences and support one another in providing the best possible care for their furry companions.